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Trip Planner Asia  /  Kyrgyzstan  /  Issyk Kul Province  /  Barskoon


Waterfalls · Mountains · Monuments
Barskon, Barskoon or Barskaun, ancient Barsgan, Barskhan or Barsqan is a small settlement on the southern shore of Lake Issyk Kul in the Issyk Kul Province of Kyrgyzstan. It is on the A363 highway between Bokonbaevskoe to the west and Kyzyl-Suu to the east.EtymologyAccording to his testament Pand nāma, Saboktagin was from the tribe of Barskhan and according to C. E. Bosworth's summary from preface of the book, the tribe was "so named because in ancient times, one of the rulers of Persia had settled in Turkestan and become a ruler there. He was called Pārsi-khwān that is, one who is literate in Persian, and this became contracted to Barskhan."GeographyBarskon is a village at the mouth of the Barskon valley - which has an impressive Barskoon waterfall and is a good centre for trekking and horse riding. Just to the west is the village of Tamga-Tash, which is named after a rock ('tash') with a Buddhist inscription dating from the 3rd to 8th centuries which the locals interpreted as a Tamga.HistoryAncient caravan ways dispersed from here, ancient Barsqan, to the East and South, to China and India, the ruins of a caravanserai are quite evidences of those times. The 11th century scholar Mahmud al-Kashgari (also known as Barskhani) was a native of this area. He is best known as the author of the first Turkic languages comparative dictionary which he wrote whilst living in Baghdad in 1072-4. His map of the then known world has Barskon at the centre of the world. His tomb is South of Kashgar - on the road to Pakistan. The modern town began as a military post.
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